2017 November Meeting

On Sunday, November 12, at 2:00 PM at the Moore County Historical Society in Masonic Hall in Lynchburg, Richard Dix will present a program called “America’s forgotten veteran, the horse”. The horse and other equines have been used in all American wars and have died by the millions. Some were very famous but most died unknown. The were indispensable serving the military. The program is open to the public and all are welcome. For further information Contact George Stone at georgestone@cafes.net or by phone at 921-581-2621 or Betty Robertson at grannyjorobertson@gmail.com or 931-759-7763.

During the Civil (1861–1865), cavalry held the most important and respected role it would ever hold in the American military was also highly mobile. Both horses and mules pulled the guns, though only horses were used on the battlefield. At the beginning of the war, most of the experienced cavalry officers were from the South and thus joined the Confederacy, leading to the Confederate Army’s initial battlefield superiority. The tide turned at the 1863 Battle of Brandy Station, part of where the Union Cavalry in the largest cavalry battle ever fought on the American continent ended the dominance of the South By 1865, Union cavalry were decisive in achieving victory ] So important were horses that the surrender terms at Appomattox allowed every Confederate cavalryman to take his horse home with him. This was because, unlike their Union counterparts, Confederate cavalrymen provided their own horses for service instead of drawing them from the government.

In World War 1 On both fronts, the horse was also used as pack animal. Because railway lines could not withstand artillery bombardments, horses carried ammunition and supplies between the rail heads and the rear trenches, though the horses generally were not used in the actual trench zone This role of horses was critical, and thus horse fodder was the single largest commodity shipped to the front by some countries.

In WWII , horses and mules were an essential form of transport, especially by the British in the rough terrain of Italy and the Middle East The German and the Soviet armies used horses until the end of the war for transportation of troops and supplies. The German Army, strapped for motorized transport because its factories were needed to produce tanks and aircraft, used around 2.75 million horses—more than it had used in World War I.[ One German infantry division in Normandy in 1944 had 5,000 horse ] The Soviets used 3.5 million horses.

About John Parkes

Welcome to the Moore County, Tennessee Genealogy Page. My name is John Franklin Parkes and I maintain this Web site. I have been researching my family for about seven years. Although I have only been working on my genealogy for a short time, my great-grandfather Roy H. Parkes, Sr. of Lynchburg, Tennessee spent his entire life collecting family histories, wills, deeds, pictures, and other historical treasures from this county. I was fortunate enough to obtain or get copies of most of his written records. After careful research, I realized that I am related in some way to many families of this county. Some of the surnames include Bobo, Colsher, Edens, Fanning, Felps, Flack, Holt, Lewis, Moore, Motlow, Parkes, Pearson, Pogue (Pollock), Renegar, Rountree, Simpson, Stone, Waggoner, & Walker. It may be noteworthy to mention that my great-great-great-great grandfather Allen Waller Parkes, great-great-great grandfather Rufus Burton Parks, great-great grandfather Rufus Alonzo Parks, great grandfather Roy H. Parkes, Sr., grandfather Roy H. Parkes, Jr and father Robert Jackson Parkes are all buried in the Lynchburg Cemetery, Moore County, Tennessee. God willing, I will also be buried there.

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